Araneae: Systematics & Taxonomy

More than 45,000 spider species are divided among 114 families. About 700 new spider species are described each year. Spiders are divided into two suborders: Mesothelae (about 100 species) and Opisthothelae. The Mesothelae, currently distributed in Southeast Asia and Japan, retain some features of primitive spiders, including abdominal segmentation and ventral placement of the spinnerets. The Opisthothelae are further divided into two infraorders: Mygalomorphae (about 6% of spider species) and Araneomorphae. Mesothelae and Mygalomorph spiders have chelicerae oriented so that the fangs are parallel; araneomorph spiders usually have opposing fangs. Mesotheles, mygalomorphs, and the most basal group of araneomorph spiders have two pairs of book lungs. In most araneomorph spiders, the posterior set of book lungs are modified into a tracheal system. 


Logunov, D.V.; Jäger, P. (2015):
Spiders from Vietnam (Arachnida: Aranei): new species and records. Russian Entomological Journal . 24 (4): 343-363


Michalik, P., Ramirez, M. J. (2014):
Evolutionary morphology of the male reproductive system, spermatozoa and seminal fluid of spiders (Araneae, Arachnida) – current knowledge and future directions.. Arthropod Structure & Development. 43: 291-322 Website.


Hebets EA, Vink CJ, Sullivan-Beckers L, Rosenthal MF (2013):
The dominance of seismic signaling and selection for signal complexity in Schizocosa multimodal courtship displays. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 67: 1483-1498 DOI: 10.1007/s00265-013-1519-4
Takeshi Yamasaki (2013):
A new species of the genus Myrmarachne (Araneae: Salticidae) from Tamsui, Taiwan. Acta Arachnologica. 62: 29-31
Taucare-Ríos, A. (2013):
El género Scytodes Latreille, 1804 (Araneae: Scytodidae) en Chile: diversidad y distribución. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural. 86: 103-105
Vink CJ, Dupérré N, Malumbres-Olarte J (2013):
Periegopidae (Arachnida: Araneae). Fauna of New Zealand. 70: 1-41


Miller J.A., Griswold C.E., Scharff N., Rezac M., Szuts T., Marhabaie M. (2012):
The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys. 195: 1-144 Website. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.195.2342
Smith HM, Vink CJ, Fitzgerald BM, Sirvid PJ (2012):
Redescription and generic placement of the spider Cryptachaea gigantipes (Keyserling, 1890) (Araneae: Theridiidae) and notes on related synanthropic species in Australasia. Zootaxa. 3507: 38-56
Takeshi Yamasaki & Jin-Nan Huang (2012):
A new species of the genus Myrmarachne (Araneae: Salticidae) from the Central Ryukyus and Taiwan. Acta Arachnologica. 61: 7-10


Dunlop, J.A., Penney, D., Daluege, N., Jaeger, P., McNeil, A., Bradley, R., Withers, P.J. (2011):
Tomography recovers data from historical amber: an example from huntsman spiders. Naturwissenschaften. 98 (6): 519-527


Bayer, S., Jaeger, P. (2010):
Expected species richness in the genus Psechrus in Laos (Araneae: Psechridae). Revue suisse de Zoologie. 117 (1): 57-75
Framenau VW, Dupérré N, Blackledge TA, Vink CJ (2010):
Systematics of the new Australasian orb-weaving spider genus Backobourkia (Araneae: Araneidae: Araneinae). Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny. 68: 79-111
Miller J.A., Carmichael A., Ramirez M.J., Spagna J.C., Haddad C.R., Rezac M., Johannesen J., Kral J., Wang X.-P. & Griswold C.E. (2010):
Phylogeny of entelegyne spiders: Affinities of the family Penestomidae (NEW RANK), generic phylogeny of Eresidae, and asymmetric rates of change in spinning organ evolution (Araneae, Araneoidea, Entelegynae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 55: 786-804 DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.02.021
Miller J.A., Griswold C.E. & Haddad C.R. (2010):
Taxonomic revision of the spider family Penestomidae (Araneae, Entelegynae). Zootaxa. 2534: 1-36 Website. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2534.1.1


Vink CJ, Hedin M, Bodner MR, Maddison WP, Hayashi CY, Garb JE (2008):
Actin 5C, a promising nuclear gene for spider phylogenetics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48: 377-382 DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.003


Jaeger, P. (2007):
Order Araneae. In: Gerecke, R. (ed.) Süßwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa, Vol. 7, 2-1. Spektrum Elsevier..: 1-13


Jaeger, P., Pathoumthing, B., Vedel, V. (2006):
First record of the genus Pseudopoda in Laos with description of new species (Arachnida, Araneae, Sparassidae). Senckenbergiana biologica. 86 (2): 219-228


Metzner, H. (1999):
Die Springspinnen (Araneae, Salticidae) Griechenlands. Andrias. 14: 1-279
Sacher, P. & Metzner, H. (1999):
Heliophanus lineiventris Simon, 1868, neu für Deutschland (Araneae, Salticidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen. 18: 38-44


Jaeger, P. (1997):
First results of a taxonomic revision of the SE Asian Sparassidae (Araneae).. In: Selden, P.A. (ed.), Proceedings of the 17th European Colloquium of Arachnology, Edinburgh, 1997. 350pp. British Arach. Soc., Burnham Beeches, Bucks..: 53-59


Jaeger, P. (1995):
Erstnachweis von Holocnemus pluchei und zweiter Nachweis von Nesticus eremita für Deutschland in Köln (Araneae: Pholcidae, Nesticidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen. 10: 20-22


Jaeger, P. (1994):
Erstnachweis von Theridion hannoniae für Deutschland (Araneae: Theridiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen. 8: 56-57