Araneae: Behaviour

Spider webs are a conspicuous product of spider behavior. Regular webs like the orb web are the result of a series of stereotypical behavioral routines. Other webs exhibit more irregular architecture.

Mating is often preceded by elaborate courtship, which may include vibratory and visual signaling. Males of some species provide nuptial gifts of wrapped prey as part of the courtship ritual. Some spiders (family Mimetidae, the salticid genus Portia) hunt using aggressive mimicry against other spiders, sending counterfeit signals including courtship signals to trick prey into leaving themselves vulnerable to attack. 



Lipke, E., Hammel, J., Michalik, P. (2015):
First evidence of neurons in the male copulatory organ of a spider (Arachnida, Araneae). Biology Letters. 11: 20150465 Website.


Michalik, P., Ramirez, M. J. (2014):
Evolutionary morphology of the male reproductive system, spermatozoa and seminal fluid of spiders (Araneae, Arachnida) – current knowledge and future directions.. Arthropod Structure & Development. 43: 291-322 Website.


Hebets EA, Vink CJ, Sullivan-Beckers L, Rosenthal MF (2013):
The dominance of seismic signaling and selection for signal complexity in Schizocosa multimodal courtship displays. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 67: 1483-1498 DOI: 10.1007/s00265-013-1519-4


Hemm V., Höfer H. (2012):
Effects of grazing and habitat structure on the epigeic spider fauna in an open xerothermic area in southern Germany. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society. 15: 260-268